Guide Invention No. 4 Eb - Piano

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F Fisher with his preludes and fugues for organ are some examples. Bach, however, was the most systematic composer to exploit this new tonal system, being the first one to write in all 24 major and minor keys. Bach was heavily influenced by dances since French culture was a strong presence in most places where he lived and worked.

About 'Invention No.4 in D minor BWV 775'

Learning French language, music and dance was part of formal education at the time for high born Germans. Familiarity with the French manners was very important especially for someone like Bach, who had been introduced to court and participated in its activities many times. In addition to teaching dancing they instructed courtiers in deportment, such as the proper way to bow to a superior or an inferior, how to do honors in passing, what to do when introduced at court, what to do with one's hat and sword, and so on. There were precise rules which, when followed, resulted in elegance and the appearance of gentility, the height of civilized behavior.

French social dance was not only part of court activities but also present at formal balls and important events of the middle-class and aristocrats. Student dramas in Leipzig also incorporated this style. Places that were bigger cultural and artistic centers could support events that demanded bigger productions such as the ballet and opera.

Celle, Berlin and Dresden were some of those places able to maintain a full orchestra of French players for an entire season and Bach undoubtedly saw French dances when he attended operas in those places - French dances or a ballet scene would be typically performed during the interludes between acts.

Little and Jenne also say that Bach knew personally or knew the work of three famous French dancing masters in Saxony. It is interesting to note how music and dance were both part of these composers' training and how intrinsically connected the two realms were, to the point that one person alone could teach dance, write music for it and still play this music on an instrument.

Inventions and Sinfonias (Bach)

Bach was certainly very familiar with French dance and music and, more than that, these were not only important elements in his music-they were also part of his world. The Well-Tempered Clavier encompasses a huge variety of styles ranging from the stile antico, based on white-key Renaissance motets, to the most modern French court styles. When studying a particular piece from these sets, it is very important to know what type of music we are working with in order to give it the right character, tempo, articulation and style. This style quickly became a pattern also in French opera and ballet overtures.

German composers incorporated the style that was also used in openings of suites. This form comprises of a slow, majestic opening, marked by dotted rhythms and suspensions, with a lively fugal second section. The toccata style often found in this works was originally a piece that displays manual dexterity, always for solo keyboard instrument.

Regardless the fact that Bach only wrote few sets of dance suites for the keyboard - the six French Suites , six English Suites , the six Partitas and the French Overtures - other works were heavily influenced by dance styles even when not given dance titles. The Prelude in Eb major from Book 1 is sarabande-like. Often, there are streams of notes coming out of a chord evoking a lute accompaniment.

In a typical sarabande, the accentuation often happens on the second beat but can also happen on the first.

In this case, the emphasis on the first beat is given through ornamentation in measure 4, arpeggiation in measures and a combination of both in measure 8. This prelude presents characteristics of a sarabande. It is important to mention that the dotted quarter notes could be played as double dotted notes, giving a more dramatic character to the piece, which would be very appropriate here.

Six Interval Inventions for piano

Besides the performance practice approach to double dots and the importance of the dance element to this piece, this prelude would be also a helpful tool for students who need to improve on listening and matching the sound, especially in this case. Here, the long notes require careful listening through the sound as it decays, in order to match the sound of the following notes. A good preparatory piece for this prelude would be the Sarabande in G minor from the English Suite No.

Besides, this sarabande has the same type of chordal texture of the Prelude in Eb minor , which would also help to clarify the concept of the dance. In this case, emphasis on beats are achieved through longer note values on the second beat of most measures as well as ornamentation - trills and arpeggios.

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Similar to the previous prelude is the one in E minor from Book 1. A great way to practice this prelude, after learning hands separate, would be to play the left hand part with only the chords in the right hand beats one and three. Presents characteristics of an aria. The Prelude in C major, Book 1 , is like a gigue. It requires great independence in both hands since its material exchange between hands.

Fast and light, there are no chordal passages in this piece, but a continuous stream of sixteenth notes. This prelude is giga II-like. Rotation is essential in this prelude and exercises could be done by isolating measures and to work with hands separate on rotation in intervals of fourths, fifths, and sixths; these intervals are found throughout this entire prelude in both hands.

The first measure of each phrase mm. Blocking these measures and then using rotation to play the notes as written will help the student to achieve a comfortable and secure approach to these passages. In addition, blocking the hand with the easier part left hand in mm. Another gigue is the Prelude in A major, Book 2. This one fits in the category of giga I, with consistent triple groupings throughout the piece and imitative counterpoint as texture.

This prelude is giga I-like. This prelude is a great piece to work on contrapuntal textures. Despite its three voices, it is not very complex since the counterpoint is imitative, not presenting many different subjects as in a typical Bach fugue. Furthermore, its slower tempo makes it easier for the student to hear through the different voices. Practicing each voice separately is a good strategy for shaping the phrases and especially listening to the sound as it continues through after long note values.

The famous Prelude No. The arpeggiated chords in figure 6 all fit comfortably in the hand and the same type of articulation legato is kept throughout the whole piece. It would be a very good piece for beginner or early intermediate students to improve their touch and sound by practicing legato and evenness. Wrist flexibility and rotation should also be addressed to help with the smoothness of legato along with alignment of the forearm and fingers to improve tone quality.

This prelude presents a free and improvisatory style. Another important aspect that would be very useful when working with intermediate students is the choice of dynamics. Because there are no dynamic marks in this piece and, overall, in any of J. Bach's works , the student could be challenged to choose how to shape phrases based on the harmony. When working on phrasing, students can practice blocking the chords to develop a more clear sense of the chord progression.

The teacher can help by asking questions such as "where do you feel tension? The Prelude in C major from Book 2 is also written in the same free-improvisatory style, almost like an unmeasured prelude. The rhythms Bach writes right in the opening, measures of figure 7 , not repeated in patterns, suggest an attempt to notate, with measures, a free and improvisatory piece of music. This prelude is much more complex than the C major from Book 1, with contrapuntal writing that needs to be carefully addressed and practiced with each hand separately and with a clear idea of where the many overlapping phrases begin and end.

It presents free contrapuntal style. The Prelude in Bb major, Book 1 , is toccata-like. It is a great piece for working on evenness. Practicing hands separate in this case is not ideal since the continuous line is split between hands, and practicing each hand alone could create unwanted accents.

Each group of four thirty-second notes, as in measures 1 though the second beat of measure 3 see figure 8a , should be blocked in a way to help the student understand the harmony, seeing groups of notes instead of each note individually. After becoming comfortable with grouping, and more familiar with the notes, the student should be able to make decisions on how to shape this piece. This prelude is toccata-like. Since there are no indications in the score, the student needs to choose dynamics and whether or not to take some time in specific places based on the harmony and structural points of the piece.

Bach Two-Part Invention No.4 in d minor, piano.

The short cadenza-like passages found throughout the second page, demonstrated in measures of figure 8b , of this prelude are good exercises for learning the concept of "cadenza". Working on shaping cadenzas in short passages like this can be a very useful tool in preparation to playing linger concerti cadenzas. This piece is recommended in preparation for concerti cadenzas. The Prelude in C minor from Book 2 is an example of two-part invention.

Hands separate practice is ideal since hands will be trading roles between having the melody and providing accompaniment. Rotation exercises in thirds would be helpful to apply in each hand separately. Invention No. This could lead smoothly into Invention No. I can envision a performance of Invention No. With perhaps only a measure of rest between them, they could be played at the same tempo.

Johann Sebastian Bach - Free Flute Sheet Music |

The happy-go-lucky character of this piece reminds us that the hardworking Bach, normally pictured with a scowl on his face, knew carefree moments or at least how to depict them musically. The accompaniment exemplifies procedures used throughout this volume: sometimes there is pure comping as in measure 1 as a pianist would do in a jazz combo but sometimes melodies emerge as in ms. Appalachian bluegrass melodies as in measures 1—8 of the repeated first section share the page with classic bebop licks ms.

As mentioned earlier, jazz is a comprehensive musical jambalaya, with many ingredients in the same pot.

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The title comes from the fact that the accompaniment features the typical bossa nova rhythm ms. It may also suggest that Bach came from New Jersey yet to be proven by his biographers. I prefer solution number 1. The two worlds co-exist so naturally! This version was inspired by my Finale transcriber Brian Koenig who, after finishing the two-stave accompaniment to Invention No.

It sounded pretty good! The single line reminds me of some blues licks that guitarists Wes Montgomery and Joe Pass played.

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